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Phone: +39 0372 433029+39 0372 433029


  • 1983, degree  in Agricultural Science, Catholic University, Piacenza. Italy.
  • Stages in Research Institutes: 1991, Department Elevage et Nutrition des erbivores, INRA,Theix, France; 1996 Statens Husdyrburgsforsog- Foulum, Denmark; 2009, Centre for Animal Welfare and Anthrozoology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, UK

Research positions

  • 1983-1989: temporarily hired  as researcher at  the Institute of Nutrition Science of Agricultural Sciences  of the Catholic University of Sacro Cuore,Piacenza;
  • from 1990: scientist at CRA-FLC (former Istituto Sperimentale per la Zootecnia)

Main research topics

  • measuring biological efficiency of dairy cows;
  • forage-livestock systems;
  • heat stress and welfare of dairy cows;
  • effect of automatic milking systems on milk yield, behaviour and welfare of dairy cows;
  • estimating nitrogen in manure  and livestock sustainability;
  • welfare of dairy cattle;
  • behavioural indicators of animal welfare;
  • behaviour of calves, heifers and cows.

Scientific responsibilities

  • Scientific  responsible in national projects
  • Research Unit responsible in national projects

Scientific publications

Over 50 (excluding abstracts or posters), including 2 chapters in books.

Selected publications

  1. Pirlo G., Miglior F., SPERONI M., 2000. Effect of age at first calving on production traits and on difference between milk yield returns and rearing costs in Italian Holsteins J. Dairy Sci., 83:603-608.
  2. SPERONI M., 2001. Animal welfare in an Italian Context. Workshop on “Animal welfare in a global perspective-with focus on dairy animals”, Hamra, Sweden, October 18-20 2001, 47-55.
  3. SPERONI M., Abeni F., Capelletti M., Migliorati L., Pirlo G., 2003. Two years of experience with an automatic milking system. 2 Milk yield, milking interval and frequency. Italian Journal of Animal science, 2,supplement 1, 260-262
  4. SPERONI M.,  Migliorati L., Pirlo G., Abeni F., Calza F., Capelletti M., 2005.  Do Automatic Milking Systems affect the shape of the lactation curve? In: Tancin V., Mihina S., Uhrincat -ICAR Technical Series N° 10. Physiological  and technical aspects of machine milking,  129-136.
  5. SPERONI M., Annunziata A., Basile E., Pirlo G., 2005. Methods and software tools for agro-ecological evaluation at farm level: the livestock component within the SIPEAA project. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 4 (Suppl.2), 187-190.
  6. Abeni, F., Calamari, L., Calza, F., SPERONI, M., Bertoni, G., Pirlo, G., 2005. Welfare  assessment Based on Metabolic and Endocrine Aspects in Primiparous Cows Milked in a Parlor or with an Automatic Milking System. J. Dairy Sci. 2005 88: 3542-3552.
  7. SPERONI M., 2006. Eco-compatibilità delle aziende zootecniche da latte. In: Modelli per sistemi produttivi in agricoltura. Progetto Sipeaa, CRA–ISCI, pag. 177-209. ISBN 88-7830-450-6.
  8. SPERONI M.,  Pirlo G.,Lolli S., 2006. Effect of Automatic Milking Systems on Milk Yield in a hot environment. J Dairy Sci  89: 4687-4693.
  9. Capelletti M., Migliorati L., SPERONI M., 2006. Il robot di mungitura. In: La bovina da latte, 181-189. Ed agricole.
  10. SPERONI M., 2008. Cow Behavioural Aspects of Robotic Milking. NMC 47th  Annual Meeting – Proceedings, January 20-23, 2008, New Orleans, Louisiana.  89-99
  11. Abeni, F., Terzano, M. G., SPERONI, M., Migliorati, L., Capelletti, M., Calza, F., Bianchi, L., Pirlo, G. 2008. Evaluation of Milk Enzymes and Electrolytes, Plasma Metabolites, and Oxidative Status in Twin Cows Milked in an Automatic Milking System or Twice Daily in a Conventional Milking Parlor. J. Dairy Sci. 91: 3372-3384.
  12. Pirlo, G., Abeni, F., Capelletti, M., Migliorati, L., SPERONI, M. 2008. Automatic milking: A review. Feedstuffs, September 8.
  13. Migliorati, L., SPERONI M., Stelletta, C., Pirlo, G. 2009. Influence of feeding flavouring-appetizing substances on activity of cows in an automatic milking system. Italian Journal of Animal Science, (Vol. 4) ( Supplement 2), 417-419.