The main objective is to improve animal welfare of young and lactating cattle. Research topics include:

  • assessment of animal welfare by the analysis of:
    • behavioural measures;
    • heart rate;
    • body temperature;
    • hematological profile (erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets, and their features),
    • serum-proteins profile (albumin, α- β- and γ-globulins),
    • plasma metabolites;
    • plasma and erythrocytes oxidative status;
  • effect of management, genotype, and environment on animal welfare